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          Bernard Francou

          2000 Associate Laureate, Science & Health
          France, Born 1948

          [email protected]

          Project Goal

          Study a glacier to find the key to El Ni?o and global warming

          Location: Ecuador

          "By understanding El Ni?o evolution over a long stretch of time, we will be able to improve our understanding of the mechanisms that cause these events.”

          El Ni?o is the periodic warming of the equatorial Pacific Ocean that takes place every few years. In the last two decades it has been returning more often, bringing with it floods, fires and devastation across the globe. Some scientists suspect that the frequency and ferocity of El Ni?o owe something to global warming.

          Bernard Francou, a French glaciologist and mountaineer, hopes to test this theory by extracting an ice core from deep inside an Andean glacier. Since the ice has never melted, he believes that it will provide an archive of climatic change over thousands of years.

          Other 2000 Associate Laureates